C is a high-level programming language that was built off the C Language. The structure of C++ is similar to C, but having object-oriented features allows the programmer to build objects within the code.
Bjarne Stroustrup developed C++; a general-purpose programming language as an extension of the C programming language. C++ has spread widely over time, and modern C++ has object-oriented, generic, and functional features in addition to facilities for low-level memory manipulation. It is always applied as a compiled language and is accessible on many platforms.
Importance of C/C++ language
C++ (C plus plus) includes various operators such as comparison, arithmetic, bit manipulation and logical operators. On top of that, the most engaging element of C++ is that it allows the overloading of certain operators such as addition.
A few of the important concepts within the C++ programming language include polymorphism (a feature of occurring in several different forms), virtual and friend functions, templates, namespaces and pointers. C++ launched the idea of Class and Object; abbreviated high and low-level language features.
Uses of C/C++
C++ was designed diagonally toward system programming and embedded, resource-constrained software and large systems, with the efficient and flexible performance of use. Moreover, C++ is fundamentally used with system/application software, client-server applications, embedded firmware, etc.
Why learn C/C++?
1. Controls other advanced programming languages
Almost all modern programming languages are built by C/C++. Here are some typical examples:
2. Bring performance
If you are familiar with C/C++, then it will help you to achieve a better performance.
3. Understand the fundamental computer theories well
4. C/C++ powers the world
C/C++ is everywhere. In particular, they power more technologies than we know! Most operating system kernels are written in C. Advanced browsers are also written in C/C++ such as Chrome, Firefox etc.
C/C++ programming language training in Lahore, PK
The ICT-training institute serves you the most thorough and unequivocal C/C++ programming course. This course is especially served for the people who crave to enhance their programming skills. ICT-trainings teaching methodology aims to teach the language step by step in a practical way.
C/C++ Course Contents
C/C++ training curriculum covers the structured programming as well as OOPs Programming standards. The curriculum is designed to meet all the requirements of C/C++ core programming delivered in universities of Pakistan.
- Relating C, C++, Java, and C#
- The in-class development environment
- Other development environments
C/C++ Programming Building Blocks
The main function and standard I/O
- Displaying values and strings to cout / printf
- Reading values from cin / scanf
- Formatting with stream manipulators
Objects, constants, and references
- Declaring and initializing variables
- Utilizing C++ new keywords
- Integer and floating-point data types
- Performing calculations and displaying results
- Utilizing references for efficiency and constants for safety
Defining and calling functions
- Passing arguments to functions and returning values from functions
- Call-by-value vs. call-by-reference vs. call-by-address
- Scope, duration, and initial values variables
Decisions, loops, and logic
- Making decisions with if/else
- bool vs. int logical values
- if/else statement "chains"
- Performing loops with while and for
- Implementing C++ range-based for loops
- Equality, relational, and logical operators
Arrays, pointers, and strings
- Declaring and using arrays and pointers
- Storing strings in character arrays
- Accessing array elements via pointers
- Pointers vs. references
- Standard string class and functions
Defining C++ Classes and Objects
Encapsulating higher-level data types
- Public member functions and private data members
- Protected class members
- Constructors and destructors
- Self-reference: this pointer
- The class member operator (::)
Declaring, accessing, and modifying objects
- Manipulating arrays of objects, pointers to objects and references to objects
- Invoking member functions
- const member functions
- Passing objects by value and by reference
Overloading and templates
- Simplifying class interfaces
- Function signatures
- Overloading assignment (=)
- friend functions and classes
Separating interfaces and implementations
- How separation supports code reuse
- Building header files and code files
Extending Classes via Inheritance
Deriving new classes from existing classes
- Construction and destruction of derived objects
- Reusability via incremental extensions
- Base classes and derived classes
Utilizing polymorphic functions
- Overriding virtual base-class member functions in derived classes
Managing dynamic data
- Allocating and deallocating memory with new and delete
- Handling errors with try and catch
- Avoiding memory leaks
Practical examples will be given for design, analysis, implementation, and maintenance.